Wetland Classification and Mapping of Seward, Alaska



Map Unit Descriptions


Ecosystem: Kettle


Map Units: K34, K43


Seward Area Extent:

K34: 13 wetland polygons; 35.8 acres

K43: 9 wetland polygons, 19.8 acres

A K43 in a low spot on the large rock drumlin northeast of Seward.


Wetland Indicators

Type: Peat

Average depth to water table: 10 cm

Organic layer thickness: 129 cm

Average depth to redoximorphic features: n/a

Common Soils: Typic Cryosaprists, Terric Cryosaprists, Typic Cryohemists

Common Plant communities:

K3 Component:

Fewflower sedge - crowberry (Carex pauciflora - Empetrum nigrum)

Bog blueberry / Manyflower sedge - dwarf birch (Vaccinium uliginosum / Carex pluriflora - Betula nana)

K4 Component:

Mountain hemlock - Sitka spruce / early blueberry (Tsuga mertensiana - Picea sitchensis / Vaccinium ovalifolium)

Sitka spruce / field horsetail (Picea sitchensis / Equisetum arvense)

Mountain hemlock / Sitka alder (Tsuga mertensiana / Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata)


NWI: PSS1,3&4Bg (K3); PFO4B (K4)

HGM: Terrene Basin groundwater-dominated Throughflow (headwater)


K34 and K43 wetlands are a mixture of forest (K4) and shrubby (K3) components, usually as a peatland in a low spot on a bedrock knob.  If forest predominates, the wetland is named K43, and if shrubs are more common it is named K34.

Kettle Ecosystem wetlands are hydrologically connected at or near the surface to streams and eventually Resurrection Bay.  Seward area Kettles are primarily encountered on the large rock drumlin northeast of town.  They also occur in low spots on other ice-scoured bedrock knobs, especially above the South Fork of the Snow River.


Do I Need a Permit?

 Introduction and Key to Plant Communities  

Introduction and Key to Ecosystems

Seward Soils    Map Unit Summary    Methods    Glossary



Contact: Mike Gracz
Kenai Watershed Forum 
Homer Field Office
Old Town Professional Center
3430 Main Street Suite B1
Homer, AK  99603

12 February 2007 15:22