Slender glasswort
Salicornia maritima
n = 1
III.B.3.d.  Halophytic Herb Wet Meadow
Ecosystem: Tidal

Batten, et. al. (1978) and Rosenberg (1986) describe slender glasswort as a component of other communities: a sparse halophytic type, and a seaside arrowgrass (Triglochin maritimum) – creeping alkaligrass (Puccinellia phryganodes) type, respectively. Hanson (1951) documents a creeping alkaligrass - Slender glasswort type.  Glasswort is an abundant North American shoreline plant, but is uncommon in Alaska, collected in only a few locales in Cook Inlet and near Haines (Hultén, 1968).

Slender glasswort (Salicornia maritima) occurs in relatively dense monotypic stands.  The one site we examined is at the mouth of the Kenai river.  It occupies the zone between the lowest saltpannes with stickystem pearlwort (Sagina maxima) and higher alkaligrass flats.  

Creeping alkaligrass is present in low abundance, and bare soil is abundant.  

An 48 cm thick organic horizon was found at the site.  Organic soils of the Clunie series are common, although some sites have soils with low organic content (Vince and Snow, 1984).  The water table was not encountered, but this site is frequently flooded during high tides.  It is a jurisdictional wetland.

Table 1.  Summary of plant cover.

      Wetland Indicator Status

 Plant

% Cover   Alaska National
Herb/Graminoid
Salicornia maritima 10.0 OBL OBL
Puccinellia phryganodes  2.0 OBL OBL
Bare soil 90.0         

 


 Introduction and Key to Plant Communities  

Introduction and Key to Ecosystems

    Kenai Hydric Soils    Map Unit Summary    Methods   Glossary


Contact: Mike Gracz
Kenai Watershed Forum 
PO Box 15301
Fritz Creek, AK  99603
907-235-2218
The Alaska Natural Heritage Program
Environment and Natural Resource Institute
University of Alaska, Anchorage
707 A Street, Suite 101
Anchorage, Alaska  99501

04 May 2007 10:01